Singapore Quick Facts & Figures


Official Name:   Republic of Singapore

Capital:   Singapore



Time Zone:   GMT/UTC+8

Area:   715.8 sq km

Population:   5,312,400 (36% foreigners)

Population density:  7,257

Ethnic groups:

74% Chinese

13% Malay

9% Indian

3% Others

Religious Affiliations:

9% Taoist, 42% Buddhist, 15% Muslim,
15% Christian, 4% Hindu, 15% Others



Life expectancy:

Total 82.0 years (2011 estimate)
Female 79.6 years (2011 estimate)
Male 84.3 years (2011 estimate)

Literacy rate:   96.1

Form of Government:  

Singapore is a republic with a Parliamentary system of government based on the Westminster model. The structure of the state is made up of the following:

The Executive

Head of State and Cabinet Head of State: Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam became the third Elected President on 1 September 2011. The President is elected for a fixed term of 6 years.


Led by the Prime Minister, Mr Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 Aug 2004), Parliament is elected by general election every five years. The first sitting of Parliament was held on 8 Dec 1965. The first general election for Parliament was held on 13 Apr 1968. The present Twelveth Parliament, constituted by general election held on 7 May 2011 has 99 Members of Parliament (MPs) consisting of 87 elected MPs, 3 Non-Constituency MP and 9 Nominated MPs. At the election, voters returned 81 candidates from the People’s Action Party (PAP) and 6 candidates from the Worker’s Party.

The Judiciary

The Supreme Court and the Subordinate Courts

The Judiciary is one of the three constitutional pillars of government, along with the Legislature and the Executive. As an Organ of State, the Judiciary’s function is to administer justice independently.

National Flag:

The colors of the Singapore flag represent red for brotherhood and equality; white for purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the rise. The five stars stand for Singapore’s ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.

The crescent moon originally served as a symbol of assurance to the Malays in 1959 —the year the flag was designed— that Singapore was not a Chinese state. Today it is generally said that the moon signified a young nation rising. The flag was designed initially to have three stars, until leaders such as then Deputy Prime Minister Toh Chin Chye expressed concern that Singapore might be perceived to have associations with the Malayan Communist Party, the flag of which also had three stars. The flag was originally meant to be red as red is a very traditional Chinese color. But because of the fear of Communism in those days, a completely red flag was abandoned.

Major Industries:

electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences.

Major exports:

machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products

Major imports:

machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Major export partners:  

Malaysia 12.2%, Hong Kong 11.0%, China 10.4%, Indonesia 10.4%, United States 5.45%, Japan 4.5%, (2011 est.)

Major import partners:   Malaysia 10.7%, United States 10.7%, China 10.4%, Japan 7.2%, South Korea 5.9%, Taiwan 5.9% (2011 est)